However, racquetball, as we know it today, is a game played on an indoor court with a racquet and ball. Developed in 1950 as an offshoot of squash and handball, it became a popular amateur recreation in North America in the early 1970s. Today, the enclosed courts can be found in many gyms and sports complexes around the United States.
The International Racquetball Association (IRA) conducted the first professional racquetball tournament in 1974, and racquetball's popularity grew rapidly during the next decade, as many racquetball courts were constructed. In 1979, the IRA became the American Amateur Racquetball Association and the International Amateur Racquetball Federation was founded. Today, these organizations are known as the United States Racquetball Association (USRA) and the International Racquetball Federation (IRF), respectively.
The game may be played with two players (the singles version), four players (doubles), or three players (known as cutthroat). The serve is made from within the service box to the front wall on the opposite quarter above the service line. Opponents alternate in hitting the ball until one of them fails to return it. All serves must be hit above the service line, and any returns must be above the play line. Much like in tennis, the ball must not bounce twice before being hit. 15 points wins the game, and two games comprise a match. If the match is tied, an 11-point tiebreaker decides the winner.
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Racquetball History and Information Guide